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Interferon tau-dependent and independent effects of the bovine conceptus on the endometrial transcriptome

Abstract : This study investigated bovine conceptus-induced modifications to the endometrial transcriptome related to effects of interferon tau (IFNT), conceptus origin (in vivo vs. in vitro) and conceptus sex. In vitro (IVF) or in vivo (superovulation and artificial insemination, AI) produced blastocysts were transferred into recipient heifers on Day 7 of the estrous cycle. On Day 15, IVF- or AI-derived conceptuses were obtained by uterine flushing and individually placed on endometrial explants in media for 6 h. Explants were also cultured with media alone as a control or media containing 100 ng/mL IFNT. Total explant RNA was analyzed by RNA-Seq. Incubation of endometrium with IFNT or IVF- or AI-derived conceptuses changed (P ≤ 0.001) expression of 491, 498 and 576 transcripts, respectively, compared to the control. Further, 369 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were common between explants exposed to IFNT or a conceptus. 240 DEGs were uniquely altered by conceptuses (IVF- and AI-derived) but not IFNT. Of these transcripts, 46 were shared between the IVF and AI groups, while 61 and 133 were specific to IVF and AI conceptuses, respectively. Five genes (MLPH, PROM2, MYADM, VN1R4L, HTR1A) were more abundant in endometrium exposed to female compared to male conceptuses (P < 0.001). A single gene (ARL4C) was more abundant in response to male conceptuses (P < 0.001) than female conceptuses. These data support the hypothesis that conceptus regulation of gene expression in the endometrium is complex and involves factors other than IFNT that may have a biological role in pregnancy establishment
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 7:31:34 PM
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Daniel J Mathew, José M Sánchez, Claudia Passaro, Gilles Charpigny, Susanta K Behura, et al.. Interferon tau-dependent and independent effects of the bovine conceptus on the endometrial transcriptome. Biology of Reproduction, Society for the Study of Reproduction, 2019, 100 (2), pp.365-380. ⟨10.1093/biolre/ioy199⟩. ⟨hal-02627218⟩



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