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Identification of genomic regions and candidate genes for chicken meat ultimate pH by combined detection of selection signatures and QTL

Abstract : Background The understanding of the biological determinism of meat ultimate pH, which is strongly related to muscle glycogen content, is a key point for the control of muscle integrity and meat quality in poultry. In the present study, we took advantage of a unique model of two broiler lines divergently selected for the ultimate pH of the pectoralis major muscle (PM-pHu) in order to decipher the genetic control of this trait. Two complementary approaches were used: detection of selection signatures generated during the first five generations and genome-wide association study for PM-pHu and Sartorius muscle pHu (SART-pHu) at the sixth generation of selection. Results Sixty-three genomic regions showed significant signatures of positive selection. Out of the 10 most significant regions (detected by HapFLK or FLK method with a p-value below 1e-6), 4 were detected as soon as the first generation (G1) and were recovered at each of the four following ones (G2-G5). Another four corresponded to a later onset of selection as they were detected only at G5. In total, 33 SNPs, located in 24 QTL regions, were significantly associated with PM-pHu. For SART-pHu, we detected 18 SNPs located in 10 different regions. These results confirmed a polygenic determinism for these traits and highlighted two major QTL: one for PM-pHu on GGA1 (with a Bayes Factor (BF) of 300) and one for SART-pHu on GGA4 (with a BF of 257). Although selection signatures were enriched in QTL for PM-pHu, several QTL with strong effect haven’t yet responded to selection, suggesting that the divergence between lines might be further increased. Conclusions A few regions of major interest with significant selection signatures and/or strong association with PM-pHu or SART-pHu were evidenced for the first time in chicken. Their gene content suggests several candidates associated with diseases of glycogen storage in humans. The impact of these candidate genes on meat quality and muscle integrity should be further investigated in chicken.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02629321
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 3:15:13 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 2:40:14 PM

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Elisabeth Le Bihan-Duval, Christelle Hennequet-Antier, Cécile Berri, Stéphane Beauclercq, Marie Christine Bourin, et al.. Identification of genomic regions and candidate genes for chicken meat ultimate pH by combined detection of selection signatures and QTL. BMC Genomics, BioMed Central, 2018, 19 (1), ⟨10.1186/s12864-018-4690-1⟩. ⟨hal-02629321⟩

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