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Two shikimate dehydrogenases,VvSDH3andVvSDH4, are involved in gallic acid biosynthesis in grapevine

Abstract : In plants, the shikimate pathway provides aromatic amino acids that are used to generate numerous secondary metabolites, including phenolic compounds. In this pathway, shikimate dehydrogenases (SDH) ‘classically’ catalyse the reversible dehydrogenation of 3-dehydroshikimate to shikimate. The capacity of SDH to produce gallic acid from shikimate pathway metabolites has not been studied in depth. In grapevine berries, gallic acid mainly accumulates as galloylated flavan-3-ols. The four grapevine SDH proteins have been produced in Escherichia coli. In vitro, VvSDH1 exhibited the highest ‘classical’ SDH activity. Two genes, VvSDH3 and VvSDH4, mainly expressed in immature berry tissues in which galloylated flavan-3-ols are accumulated, encoded enzymes with lower ‘classical’ activity but were able to produce gallic acid in vitro. The over-expression of VvSDH3 in hairy-roots increased the content of aromatic amino acids and hydroxycinnamates, but had little or no effect on molecules more distant from the shikimate pathway (stilbenoids and flavan-3-ols). In parallel, the contents of gallic acid, β-glucogallin, and galloylated flavan-3-ols were increased, attesting to the influence of this gene on gallic acid metabolism. Phylogenetic analysis from dicotyledon SDHs opens the way for the examination of genes from other plants which accumulate gallic acid-based metabolites.
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Soumis le : mercredi 27 mai 2020 - 10:09:42
Dernière modification le : vendredi 13 novembre 2020 - 03:30:16

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Bontpart 2016 J. Exp. Bot._1.p...
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Thibault Bontpart, Therese Marlin, Sandrine Vialet, Jean-Luc Guiraud, Lucie Pinasseau, et al.. Two shikimate dehydrogenases,VvSDH3andVvSDH4, are involved in gallic acid biosynthesis in grapevine. Journal of Experimental Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2016, 67 (11), pp.3537-3550. ⟨10.1093/jxb/erw184⟩. ⟨hal-02632162⟩

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