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Pertes alimentaires dans la filière protéagineuse

Abstract : The French protein crops chain (pea, faba bean and lupins species) developed in the 1990’s basically to supply the requirements of animal feed, has significantly developed a food outlet since the 2000. From an estimation at 370 000 t of these productions presently dedicated to human food (export + national markets), losses are mainly at harvest representing 22 000 t (6% of the production), to which could be added 1000 t of water soluble sugars issued from the liquid fractioning process. From harvest to distribution, several co-products or wastes are processed into feeds and therefore cannot be considered as losses. Combination of genetic and agronomic progress to monitor a crop canopy coadapted with the progress on harvesting equipments represents the major levers identified to reduce losses. The impact weight of these levers of progress will be positively correlated with the increase of area and volumes of the food outlets of these productions. Beyond actions which will bring competitiveness of the crops, as well as higher and more stable yields together with better sanitary status of their seeds are (i) improvement of their nutritional and health value through varieties and cropping management (adapted proteins, fibers, bioactive compounds,…), (ii) new technologies of fractionation or transformation bringing higher digestibility and added value, (iii) consumer information and (iv) stakeholder organization in the chain, likely to amplify volumes and nutritional efficiency of these products for food outlets..
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Gérard Duc, Marc Anton, Alain Baranger, Véronique Biarnès, Julia Buitink, et al.. Pertes alimentaires dans la filière protéagineuse. Innovations Agronomiques, INRAE, 2015, 48, pp.127-141. ⟨10.15454/1.4622740546392378E12⟩. ⟨hal-02633195⟩



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