Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

A genome-wide identification of chromosomal regions determining nitrogen use efficiency components in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Abstract : This study identified 333 genomic regions associated to 28 traits related to nitrogen use efficiency in European winter wheat using genome-wide association in a 214-varieties panel experimented in eight environments. Improving nitrogen use efficiency is a key factor to sustainably ensure global production increase. However, while high-throughput screening methods remain at a developmental stage, genetic progress may be mainly driven by marker-assisted selection. The objective of this study was to identify chromosomal regions associated with nitrogen use efficiency-related traits in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) using a genome-wide association approach. Two hundred and fourteen European elite varieties were characterised for 28 traits related to nitrogen use efficiency in eight environments in which two different nitrogen fertilisation levels were tested. The genome-wide association study was carried out using 23,603 SNP with a mixed model for taking into account parentage relationships among varieties. We identified 1,010 significantly associated SNP which defined 333 chromosomal regions associated with at least one trait and found colocalisations for 39 % of these chromosomal regions. A method based on linkage disequilibrium to define the associated region was suggested and discussed with reference to false positive rate. Through a network approach, colocalisations were analysed and highlighted the impact of genomic regions controlling nitrogen status at flowering, precocity, and nitrogen utilisation on global agronomic performance. We were able to explain 40 +/- A 10 % of the total genetic variation. Numerous colocalisations with previously published genomic regions were observed with such candidate genes as Ppd-D1, Rht-D1, NADH-Gogat, and GSe. We highlighted selection pressure on yield and nitrogen utilisation discussing allele frequencies in associated regions.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02635490
Contributor : Migration ProdInra Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 6:12:34 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 30, 2021 - 8:58:03 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Fabien Cormier, Jacques Le Gouis, Pierre Dubreuil, Stéphane Lafarge, Sébastien Praud. A genome-wide identification of chromosomal regions determining nitrogen use efficiency components in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Springer Verlag, 2014, 127 (12), pp.2679 - 2693. ⟨10.1007/s00122-014-2407-7⟩. ⟨hal-02635490⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

4