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Journal articles

Expression and localization of interleukin 1 beta and interleukin 1 receptor (type I) in the bovine endometrium and embryo

Abstract : The interleukin-1 (IL1) system likely mediates mammalian embryo maternal communication. In cattle, we have reported that the uterine fluid of heifers carrying early embryos shows downregulated IL1 beta (IL1B), which could lead to reduced NFkB expression and dampening of maternal innate immune responses. In this work, we assessed the expression of IL 1 beta (IL1B) and its receptor, interleukin 1 receptor type I (IL1R1) in the bovine endometrium and embryos by RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and Western blot at the time of blastocyst development. Day 8 endometrium, both collected from animals after transfer of day 5 embryos (ET) and sham transferred (ST), showed IL1B and IL1R1 mRNA transcription and protein co-localization. Similarly, day 8 blastocyst, from ET animals and entirely produced in vitro, showed IL1R1 mRNA transcription and IL1B and IL1R1 protein co-localization. IL1B mRNA was detected in the analyzed blastocysts, but at very low levels that precluded its quantification. IL1B and IL1R1 immunostaining was observed in luminal epithelial cells, glandular epithelium and stromal cells. The presence of embryos increased endometrial IL1B protein locally, while no differences regarding IL1R1 protein and IL1B and IL1R1 mRNA were detected. These results suggest that the early preimplantation bovine embryo in the maternal tract might interact with the maternal immune system through the IL1 system. Such a mechanism may allow the embryo to elicit local endometrial responses at early stages, which are required for the development of a receptive endometrium.
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Eva Correia-Alvarez, Enrique Gómez, David Martin, Susana Carrocera, Silvia Perez, et al.. Expression and localization of interleukin 1 beta and interleukin 1 receptor (type I) in the bovine endometrium and embryo. Journal of Reproductive Immunology, Elsevier, 2015, 110, pp.1 - 13. ⟨10.1016/j.jri.2015.03.006⟩. ⟨hal-02635907⟩



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