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Transcriptional Activation of two Delta-9 Palmitoyl-ACP desaturase genes by MYB115 and MYB118 is critical for biosynthesis of omega-7 monounsaturated fatty acids in the endosperm of Arabidopsis seeds

Abstract : In angiosperms, double fertilization of the embryo sac initiates the development of the embryo and the endosperm. In Arabidopsis thaliana, an exalbuminous species, the endosperm is reduced to one cell layer during seed maturation and reserves such as oil are massively deposited in the enlarging embryo. Here, we consider the strikingly different fatty acid (FA) compositions of the oils stored in the two zygotic tissues. Endosperm oil is enriched in omega-7 monounsaturated FAs, that represent more than 20 mol% of total FAs, whereas these molecular species are 10-fold less abundant in the embryo. Two closely related transcription factors, MYB118 and MYB115, are transcriptionally induced at the onset of the maturation phase in the endosperm and share a set of transcriptional targets. Interestingly, the endosperm oil of myb115 myb118 double mutants lacks omega-7 FAs. The identification of two Delta 9 palmitoyl-ACP desaturases responsible for omega-7 FA biosynthesis, which are activated by MYB115 and MYB118 in the endosperm, allows us to propose a model for the transcriptional control of oil FA composition in this tissue. In addition, an initial characterization of the structure-function relationship for these desaturases reveals that their particular substrate specificity is conferred by amino acid residues lining their substrate pocket that distinguish them from the archetype Delta 9 stearoyl-ACP desaturase.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02636598
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : mercredi 27 mai 2020 - 20:56:47
Dernière modification le : lundi 23 novembre 2020 - 15:06:13

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Manuel Troncoso Ponce, Guillaume Barthole, Geoffrey Tremblais, Alexandra To, Martine Miquel, et al.. Transcriptional Activation of two Delta-9 Palmitoyl-ACP desaturase genes by MYB115 and MYB118 is critical for biosynthesis of omega-7 monounsaturated fatty acids in the endosperm of Arabidopsis seeds. The Plant cell, American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB), 2016, 28 (10), pp.2666-2682. ⟨10.1105/tpc.16.00612⟩. ⟨hal-02636598⟩

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