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Quantitative genetics to dissect the fungal-fungal interaction between Lecanicillium verticillium and the white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus

Abstract : Lecanicillium fungicola (formerly Verticillium fungicola) is responsible for dry bubble disease in the white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus. Selection for resistance to this pathogen raises an important challenge for mushroom breeders. We have investigated the inheritance of resistance to dry bubble under artificial inoculation in three independent experiments, using a progeny of 89 hybrids derived from an intervarietal A. bisporus var. bisporus×A. bisporus var. burnettii cross. Overall, phenotypic correlations were highly significant between the different experiments. Principal component analysis, together with analysis of variance results stated that the disease reactions were accurately assessed using the percentage of bubbles (PB) and the percentage of spotty cap mushrooms (PS) separately rather than with the combination of both. An original contribution of this study lies in the effective use of area under the disease-progress curve (AUDPC) to describe the dry bubble resistance. The continuous phenotypic distribution observed for the resistance traits suggested that tolerance to dry bubble was under polygenic control. Heritability estimates for either PB or AUDPC were high (0.67–0.86) while it was inconsistent for PS (0.33–0.68) suggesting a strong impact of the environment on this latter trait. Earliness and latent period were found highly correlated with disease incidence. The earliest strains appeared to be the most resistant ones. These results contribute to disentangle the complex fungal–fungal A. bisporus / L. fungicola interaction and to provide genetic basis as a prerequisite for mushroom breeding program.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 5:36:56 AM
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Marie Foulongne-Oriol, Anne Rodier, Thierry Rousseau, Michele Largeteau, Jean-Michel Savoie. Quantitative genetics to dissect the fungal-fungal interaction between Lecanicillium verticillium and the white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus. Fungal Biology, Elsevier, 2011, 115 (4-5), pp.421-431. ⟨10.1016/j.funbio.2011.02.017⟩. ⟨hal-02646777⟩

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