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The Transcriptomic profiles of adipose tissues are modified by feed deprivation in lactating goats

Abstract : A major function of ruminant adipose tissue is to store lipids for use in productive functions. Body fat mobilization is required during periods of negative energy balance such as lactation or undernutrition. Until now, gene expression profiling of ruminant adipose tissue in response to nutritional restriction has not been performed. To gain a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms in adipose tissue in response to dietary factors, microarray analysis was used to compare the effects of two extreme nutritional conditions (control diet vs. 48-h feed deprivation) in the omental and perirenal adipose tissues of lactating goats (Capra hircus). We observed the altered expression of 456 and 199 genes in mental and perirenal adipose tissues, respectively. Similar biological processes were altered by feed deprivation in these two sites, although twice as many genes were differentially expressed in the omental than in the perirenal adipose tissue. Taken together, the transcriptional changes involved in lipid metabolism (decreased lipid synthesis and triglyceride storage capacity as well as increased fatty acid oxidation) were consistent with reduced energy deposition in goat adipose tissues in response to a 48-h fast. An inflammatory state of the adipose tissue was observed following the 48-h fast. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Inc.
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Yannick Faulconnier, Yves Chilliard, Mohammed Bagher Montazer Torbati, Christine Leroux. The Transcriptomic profiles of adipose tissues are modified by feed deprivation in lactating goats. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics, Elsevier, 2011, 6 (2), pp.139-149. ⟨10.1016/j.cbd.2010.12.002⟩. ⟨hal-02648271⟩

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