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Unexpected nuclear localization of Cdc25C in bovine oocytes, early embryos, and nuclear-transferred embryos

Abstract : It is clear from a wide range of studies that the nuclear/cytoplasmic distribution of Cdc25C has important functional consequences for cell cycle control. It is now admitted that in somatic cells, the localization of Cdc25C in the cytoplasm is required to maintain the cell in an interphasic state and that Cdc25C has to translocate to the nucleus just before M-phase to induce mitotic events. We characterized the expression and localization of Cdc25C during oocyte maturation, the first embryo mitosis, and the first steps of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) in cattle. We demonstrated that Cdc25C was expressed throughout the maturation process and the early development. We clearly showed that Cdc25C was localized in the nucleus at the germinal vesicle stage and during the early development until the blastocyst stage. However, the signal change in blastocyst and Cdc25C became cytoplasmic as is the case in somatic cells. Thus, oocytes and early embryonic cells presented a specific nuclear Cdc25C localization different from the one observed in somatic cells, suggesting that Cdc25C could have a particular localization/regulation in undifferentiated cells. Following SCNT, Cdc25C became nuclear as soon as the nucleus swelled, and this localization persisted until the blastocyst stage, as is the case in in vitro fertilized embryos. The Cdc25C nuclear localization appeared to constitute a major change, which could be associated with the reorganization of the somatic nucleus upon nuclear transfer.
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Laurence Gall, Daniel Le Bourhis, Sylvie Ruffini, Claire Boulesteix, Xavier Vignon. Unexpected nuclear localization of Cdc25C in bovine oocytes, early embryos, and nuclear-transferred embryos. Reproduction -Cambridge- Supplement-, Society for Reproduction and Fertility, 2008, 135 (4), pp.431-438. ⟨10.1530/REP-07-0284⟩. ⟨hal-02656867⟩

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