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Biochemical and biomechanical properties of tendons in two commercial types of chickens

Abstract : The quality of the attachment of meat to bone is often reported to be insufficient by more and more poultry’s consumers. This is particularly true for thigh meat in broilers. The aim of this study was to compare muscle to bone attachment (namely, tendons) from a biomechanical and a biochemical point of view in 50 standard (S) and 50 Label Rouge (LR) chickens. Carcasses weighted around 1.7 kg in the two groups. Two tendons were harvested and proceeded for passive stretch tests, prior to cooking or not, to determine main mechanical characteristics (maximum load, stiffness and longitudinal strain). Biochemical parameters such as dry matter percentage, total collagen content, collagen solubility and sulphated glycosaminoglycans (sGAGs) content were also determined. Results showed that biomechanical values differ largely between the two studied tendons. For a given tendon, the values were also different between the two groups of chickens mainly after cooking. The results clearly showed that, mainly after cooking, the mechanical resistance of tendon to stretch was better in LR than in S chickens. LR chickens were reported to have tendons with higher collagen and sGAGs contents associated with a lower collagen solubility. These differences may explain biomechanical differences observed for the two types of tendons and could be due to increased age and/or higher physical activity of LR chickens.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02657028
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : samedi 30 mai 2020 - 00:29:11
Dernière modification le : vendredi 20 novembre 2020 - 08:29:05

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Maged Moussa, René Babile, Xavier Fernandez, Herve Remignon. Biochemical and biomechanical properties of tendons in two commercial types of chickens. animal, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2007, 1 (7), pp.983-988. ⟨10.1017/S1751731107000183⟩. ⟨hal-02657028⟩

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