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Bien-être et élevage des porcs

Abstract : The current intensive system of pig production is the outcome of better control of the environment, prevention of infectious disease, a fee-ding strategy adapted to the nutritional needs of pigs, and genetic selection oriented towards increased growth and reproductive perfor-mances. Meanwhile, certain practices have been shown to be detrimental to pig welfare. During the last few decades, research conducted on pig welfare has mainly been oriented towards measurement of behavioural and physiological responses to housing, feeding and ma-nagement practices. The results have demonstrated the animals’ difficulties to adapt to their conditions, particularly regarding changes in social relationships, impoverishment of the environment, restriction of space, and the development of management practices leading to discomfort, fear or pain. This review presents a summary of the scientific research conducted on the consequences of husbandry conditions and management practices on pig welfare. Finally, some possible solutions are presented for improving pig welfare by providing greater harmony between the animals and their environment.
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Marie-Christine Meunier-Salaün, Dorothée Bizeray, Violaine Colson, Valérie Courboulay, Joop Lensink, et al.. Bien-être et élevage des porcs. Productions animales, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 2007, 20 (1), pp.73-80. ⟨hal-02657970⟩

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