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Effect of sugarcane diets and a high fibre commercial diet on fresh meat and dry-cured ham quality in local Caribbean pigs

Abstract : The effects sugar cane (SC) diets and a milling by product diet on meat quality characteristics of fresh meat and dry-cured ham were studied on a total of 48 Creole (CR) pigs. Pigs were fed with a control soya-bean meal corn diet (C1), a soya-bean meal wheat diet (C2), a SC fresh juice diet (SC-J), or a ground cane diet (SC-G). Average BW gain was 657, 530, 546, and 200 g/d for diets C1, C2, SC-J and SC-G, respectively. Lean cuts (i.e., ham and loin) were significantly higher in SC-G than in C1 pigs (472 vs. 424 g/kg; P < 0.01); intermediate values were found for C2 and SC-J pigs (427 and 412 g/kg, respectively). The ultimate pH in LD muscle was lower in SC-J than the other groups (5.44 vs. 5.65; P < 0.01). The intra muscular fat (IMF) content in LD was significantly higher in SC-J diet and lower in SC-G diet (1.9% and 1.0%, respectively); intermediates values were found for C1 and C2 diets (1.4% on average). Ham weight losses during 6 months drying period were lower for SC-G fed pigs (9.7% vs. 12.4%; P < 0.05) whereas weight losses during the 12 months drying period were not affected by diet. The TBA value in dry-cured ham was not affected by diet (P > 0.05) whereas the fatty acids profiles of subcutaneous fat in SC-J and SC-G pigs contained more mono-unsaturated and less polyunsaturated fatty acids than in C1 and C2 groups. Significant effects of dietary treatment were found for dry-cured ham sensory quality parameters.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 11:43:13 AM
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Xavier Xande, Jacques Mourot, Harry Archimède, Jean-Luc Gourdine, David Renaudeau. Effect of sugarcane diets and a high fibre commercial diet on fresh meat and dry-cured ham quality in local Caribbean pigs. Meat Science, Elsevier, 2009, 82 (1), pp.106-112. ⟨10.1016/j.meatsci.2008.12.013⟩. ⟨hal-02658122⟩

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