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Functional specificity of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) gonadotropin receptors as assayed in a mammalian cell line

Abstract : In vertebrates, gonadotropins (GTHs) (FSH and LH) are two circulating pituitary glycoprotein hormones that play a major role in the regulation of gonadal functions, including gonadal cell proliferation/differentiation and steroidogenesis. In mammals, it is well known that their biological effects are mediated by highly specific membrane-bound receptors expressed preferentially on the somatic cells of the gonads. However, in fish, binding and functional studies have shown that cross-reactivity may occur in GTH receptors depending on the species. To understand the molecular mechanisms involved in GTH actions, functional characterization of trout GTH receptors and their gonadal gene expression pattern has been carried out. The present study describes the presence of two distinct GTH receptors in trout showing similarities with those of higher vertebrates but also differences in their structural determinants. In vitro functional studies demonstrate that rtLH specifically activates its cognate receptor (EC 50=117 ng/ml), whereas purified rainbow trout FSH (rtFSH) activates FSHR but also LHR at supraphysiological doses (EC 50=38 vs 598 ng/ml for FSHR and LHR respectively). The high doses of rtFSH required to activate LHR put into question the physiological relevance of this interaction. The use of heterologous chinook GTHs confirms the strong preference of each hormone for its cognate receptor. The gonadal expression pattern of the GTH receptor genes suggests that FSH may play an important role in regulating gonadal functions, not only at the early stages but also at the final stages of the male and female reproductive cycles, in addition to the LH pathway.
Keywords : salmonid
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 8:46:42 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 6:46:03 PM

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Elisabeth Sambroni, Florence Le Gac, Bernard Breton, Jean-Jacques Lareyre. Functional specificity of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) gonadotropin receptors as assayed in a mammalian cell line. Journal of Endocrinology, BioScientifica, 2007, 195, pp.213-228. ⟨10.1677/JOE-06-0122⟩. ⟨hal-02660587⟩

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