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Afferent and efferent connections of the cortical and medial nuclei of the amygdala in sheep

Abstract : The cortical (CoA) and the medial (MeA) nuclei of the amygdala are involved in the processing of olfactory information relevant to social recognition in the ewe. To better understand the neural pathways responsible for these effects, the connections of both CoA and MeA with the telencephalic and diencephalic regions were studied by injecting an anterograde (Biotin-Dextran-Amine, BDA) or a retrograde (Fluorogold, FG) neuronal tracer into either the CoA or the MeA. Concerning the primary olfactory structures, the CoA receives inputs from both the main olfactory bulb and the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB), while the MeA is innervated by cells only from the AOB. Among the other olfactory structures, only the entorhinal cortex and the tenia tecta are connected with both the CoA and the MeA. With respect to the other secondary olfactory structures, the connections with the CoA and the MeA show segregating neuronal routes. The CoA is connected with the accessory olfactory nucleus, the piriform, the endopiriform and the orbitofrontal cortices while the MeA exhibited connections with the nucleus of the lateral olfactory tract, the perirhinal and the insular cortices. Concerning the diencephalic structures, only the MeA receives projections from the PVN and the MBH. On the other hand, we showed that the BNST is the major site of connection with both the CoA and the MeA. Reciprocal projections were observed between the CoA and the MeA and between both nuclei and the basal or the lateral nuclei of the amygdala with the exception of the CoA which does not send inputs to the lateral nucleus. These data are discussed in relation with olfactory learning in the context of sexual and maternal behavior in sheep. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Maryse Meurisse, Elodie Chaillou, Frédéric Lévy. Afferent and efferent connections of the cortical and medial nuclei of the amygdala in sheep. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, Elsevier, 2009, 37 (2), pp.87-97. ⟨10.1016/j.jchemneu.2008.09.001⟩. ⟨hal-02663946⟩



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