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L'émergence de la sociologie rurale en France (1945-1967)

Abstract : By "returning to our origins", we gain insight into the conditions under which the major ideas took shape that contributed to the formation of rural sociology in France. The context was the modernization of the countryside. Sociology had to come to grips with this context, which oriented its theoretical and methodological choices. This article covers the period from 1945 to 1967, running from reconstruction following WWII to the publication of La fin des paysans [The vanishing peasant] by Henri Mendras, a book that was a crowning achievement in the corpus of rural sociology. This corpus combines analyses of social changes in the countryside and of the existence of a rural world with its particularities distinct from the larger, "overarching society". Two successive phases can be pointed out. The first corresponds to the emergence of this discipline out of both the determination to modernize the country after the war and the academic logics that fit into the town/country opposition cherished by agrarians and the French Third Republic. During the second phase, rural sociology, under the influence of culturalist approaches, broadened its horizon to become involved, along with ethnology and geography, in making an inventory of rural societies with the objective of drawing up a typology.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 4:30:40 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02664269, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 28561


Pierre Alphandéry, Yannick Sencébé. L'émergence de la sociologie rurale en France (1945-1967). Études rurales, Éditions de l'École pratique des hautes études, 2009, pp.23-40. ⟨hal-02664269⟩



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