How does tomato quality (sugar, acid, and nutritional quality) vary with ripening stage, temperature, and irradiance - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry Year : 2008

How does tomato quality (sugar, acid, and nutritional quality) vary with ripening stage, temperature, and irradiance

Abstract

The objective of this study was to understand the respective impact of ripening stage, temperature, and irradiance on seasonal variations of tomato fruit quality. During ripening, concentrations in reducing sugars, carotenes, ascorbate, rutin, and caffeic acid derivates increased, whereas those in titratable acidity, chlorophylls, and chlorogenic acid content decreased. Fruit temperature and irradiance affected final fruit composition. Sugars and acids (linked to fruit gustative quality) were not considerably modified, but secondary metabolites with antioxidant properties were very sensitive to fruit environment. Increased fruit irradiance enhanced ascorbate, lycopene, β-carotene, rutin, and caffeic acid derivate concentrations and the disappearance of oxidized ascorbate and chlorophylls. Increasing the temperature from 21 to 26 °C reduced total carotene content without affecting lycopene content. A further temperature increase from 27 to 32 °C reduced ascorbate, lycopene, and its precursor’s content, but enhanced rutin, caffeic acid derivates, and glucoside contents. The regulation by light and temperature of the biosynthesis pathways of secondary metabolites is discussed

Dates and versions

hal-02667193 , version 1 (31-05-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Hélène Gautier, Vicky Diakou-Verdin, Camille Benard, Maryse Reich, Michel Buret, et al.. How does tomato quality (sugar, acid, and nutritional quality) vary with ripening stage, temperature, and irradiance. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2008, 56 (4), pp.1241-1250. ⟨10.1021/jf072196t⟩. ⟨hal-02667193⟩
36 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More