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Régulation du métabolisme lipidique des tissus adipeux et musculaires chez le ruminant. Effets du niveau alimentaire et de la photopériode

Abstract : The respective effects of feeding level and photoperiod variations on lipid metabolism and nutrient partitioning between ruminant adipose tissue and muscle are reviewed, with a particular interest in lipogenic cow and the ewe. Underfeeding decreases de novo fatty acid synthesis and lipoprotein lipase activity in adult and growing ruminant adipose tissues, Refeeding partially or totally reverses these effects, The lipoprotein lipase activity is not modified bg underfeeding in the glycolytic Longissimus thoracis muscle, but is decreased in the oxidative cardiac muscle of adult ovine tmd bovine animals. Refeeding increases lipoprotein lipase activity in these two muscle types. Feeding level alters lipoprotein lipase in the same way in adipose tissues and muscles of ruminants, contrary to observations usually made in the rat. However, variations in lipoprotein lipase mRNA level in adipose tissue and muscle are parallel to those of lipoprotein lipase activity in the different animal species. These results at least partly suggest a pretranslational regulation in the expression of the lipoprotein lipase gene. Photoperiod directly affects adipose tissue and muscle metabolic activities in ewes. Indeed, Lipogenic capacities in adipose tissue and lipoprotein lipase activity in glycolytic muscle are increased by long days. Inversely, lipomobilisation is increased by short days. These metabolic adaptations are probably involved in physiological adaptations of ewes to seasonal changes in food availability.
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Yannick Faulconnier, Muriel Bonnet, Francois Bocquier, Christine Leroux, Jean-François Hocquette, et al.. Régulation du métabolisme lipidique des tissus adipeux et musculaires chez le ruminant. Effets du niveau alimentaire et de la photopériode. Productions animales, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 1999, 12 (4), pp.287-300. ⟨hal-02694594⟩

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