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Journal articles

Sodium-Calcium and Sodium-Magnesium exchange on Wyoming bentonite in perchlorate and chloride background ionic media

Abstract : The exchange of calcium and magnesium for sodium at 298 K on Wyoming bentonite was investigated in perchlorate and chloride background media maintained at pH 7.0 and at a total cation normality of 0.05/V. In the perchlorate medium, the apparent total adsorbed metal charge was independent of the exchanger composition and equal to 0.97 ± 0.06 mole kg"1 (average for Na-Ca and Na-Mg exchanges). In the chloride medium, the apparent total adsorbed metal charge increased with the amount of calcium or magnesium adsorbed, tending to a value near 1.3 mole kg"1 as the clay became saturated with the bivalent metal cation. These results were interpreted as evidence for the adsorption of CaCl+ or MgCl+ complexes in the exchange experiments conducted in the chloride medium. A detailed analysis of the exchange data led to the conclusion that a Ca-montmorillonite or Mg-montmorillonite suspension in a chloride background consists of quasicrystals with bivalent cations adsorbed on the internal surfaces and monovalent metal-chloride complexes adsorbed on the external surfaces.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02726315
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 2, 2020 - 2:14:46 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 11:52:06 AM
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1983_Jouany_SoilSCSocAmJ_1
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  • HAL Id : hal-02726315, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 437636

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Garrison Sposito, Kenneth M Hotzclaw, Laurent Charlet, Claire Jouany, a L Page. Sodium-Calcium and Sodium-Magnesium exchange on Wyoming bentonite in perchlorate and chloride background ionic media. Soil Science Society of America Journal, Soil Science Society of America, 1983, 47, pp.51-56. ⟨hal-02726315⟩

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