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Évaluation multicritère de la durabilité d’un système de production porcine traditionnel utilisant une race locale

Abstract : Social expectations of pig production systems are orientated towards greater environmental (EN), economic (EC) and animal welfare (AW) sustainability. Integrated assessment of pig farming within the Noir de Bigorre chain was performed. Twenty-five farms (10 feeder-to-finish, 11 farrow-to-finish and 4 farrow-to-feeder) were surveyed. EN impacts were calculated using life cycle assessment. AW scores were obtained using the Welfare Quality® protocol. EC scores were calculated using the IDEA method. Multicriteria assessment included 16 farms (E et NE) with all data available and identified four groups of farms: Group 1 - “sustainability unfavourable” on EN, EC and AW (n=2); Group 2 - “AW unfavourable but transferability of the farm to future generation favourable” (n=4); Group 3 - “AW and EN favourable” (n=8); and Group 4 - “EC and EN favourable” (n=2). The groups differed in many parameters. Group 1 was associated with more feed waste and high dietary crude protein of fattening feeds. Group 2 had low AW scores due to fewer drinkers for outdoor pigs. Group 3 took better care of animals, and a higher proportion of its farmers were women. Group 4 had only farrow-to-finish farms of large size. Reducing feed waste and increasing the number of drinkers available are the main ways to increase sustainability of farms in the case study. Additional studies are required to verify whether adopting a farrow-to-finish system could contribute to the EC sustainability of traditional pig production.
Mots-clés : Noir de Bigorre
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02738374
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 2, 2020 - 8:47:26 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 5, 2021 - 3:47:55 AM
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Monteiro_3_2019_JRP_1.pdf
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  • HAL Id : hal-02738374, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 466969

Citation

Alessandra Monteiro, Justine Faure, Marie-Christine Meunier-Salaün, Aurélie Wilfart, Florence Garcia-Launay. Évaluation multicritère de la durabilité d’un système de production porcine traditionnel utilisant une race locale. 51. Journées de la Recherche Porcine, Feb 2019, Paris, France. ⟨hal-02738374⟩

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