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Conference papers

Les exploitations laitières françaises sont-elles compétitives ?

Abstract : Competitiveness is usually defined as the ability to capture and / or retain market share by facing competition both on the domestic and export markets. France, the second EU country for dairy exports to third countries, has significantly improved its trade balance (€ 3.7 billion in 2014) during the last decade due, mainly, to the development of exports of cheese and milk infant formula. This growing participation in an expanding dairy trade at both European and global level, the strength in the domestic market for medium and high value products are based on “price” and “non-price” competitiveness. After having repositioned EU and France in the internationalization of dairy trade, the aim of this communication is to present a comparative analysis of "price" competitiveness at the upstream of the supply chain, the milk production costs in France compared to other European (Germany, Denmark, Ireland and the Netherlands) or more distant (New Zealand, California and New York States in the US) countries. Especially in the West (main French dairy region), the milk production costs in France are favored by a quite low input level. However, this strong autonomy for feeding dairy cows hampers average labor productivity at the farm level and pushes up forage costs, now mostly grown and harvested.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - 2:10:37 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 12, 2022 - 12:42:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 10:11:15 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-02741707, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 342587



Christophe Perrot, Vincent Chatellier, Daniel Gouin. Les exploitations laitières françaises sont-elles compétitives ?. 22. Journées Rencontres Recherches Ruminants (3R), Rencontres Recherches Ruminants (3R). FRA., Dec 2015, Paris, France. ⟨hal-02741707⟩



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