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Peppers and Potyviruses, a pathosystem teaches how to breed for durable resistance in plants

Abstract : The combination of major resistance genes with quantitative resistance factors is hypothesized as a promising breeding strategy to preserve the durability of resistant cultivar, as recently observed in three different pathosystems. Using the pepper (Capsicum annuum)/Potato virus Y (PVY, genus Potyvirus) pathosystem, we aimed at identifying plant genetic factors directly affecting the frequency of virus adaptation to the major resistance gene pvr23 and at comparing them with genetic factors affecting quantitative resistance. The resistance breakdown frequency was a highly heritable trait (h2=0.87). Four loci including additive quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and epistatic interactions explained together 70% of the variance of pvr23 breakdown frequency. Three of the four QTLs controlling pvr23 breakdown frequency were also involved in quantitative resistance, strongly suggesting that QTLs controlling quantitative resistance have a pleiotropic effect on the durability ofthe major resistance gene. With the first mapping of QTLs directly affecting resistance durability, this study provides a rationale for sustainable resistance breeding. Surprisingly, a genetic trade-off was observed between the durability of PVY resistance controlled by pvr23 and the spectrum of the resistance against different potyviruses. This trade-off seemed to have been resolved by the accumulation of minor-effect durability QTLs under field selection
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  • HAL Id : hal-02747945, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 269305

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Alain Palloix, Julie Quenouille, Estelle Paulhiac, Benoit Moury. Peppers and Potyviruses, a pathosystem teaches how to breed for durable resistance in plants. 15. Eucarpia Meeting on Genetics and Breeding of Capsicum and Eggplant, Sep 2013, Torino, Italy. ⟨hal-02747945⟩

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