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Conference poster

DNA methylation dynamics during spermatogenesis in ruminants

Abstract : DNA methylation of cytosines is a critical epigenetic modification in mammals that plays crucial roles in transcriptional regulation, chromatin remodelling and genomic imprinting. Dynamic erasure and reestablishment of DNA methylation marks are required for spermatogenesis and the normal function of mature sperm. DNA methylation is catalysed by DNA methyltransferase enzymes (DNMT) providing either maintenance (DNMT1) or de novo (DNMT3A/B/L) DNA methylation processes. The DNA methylation dynamics during spermatogenesis has been previously described in mice and humans but nothing is known in productive livestock. However, these investigations in ruminants could be helpful to determine epigenetic events likely to be crucial for male fertility. Interestingly, a recent study from our laboratory pointed DNA undermethylation of bull spermatozoa compared to other mammals such as humans, mice, sheep or goats [1]. This result raises the question of the dynamic of DNA methylation in bovine male germline. We thus propose to define and compare the methylation dynamics of bovine and caprine germ cells during spermatogenesis. Analyses of 5mC immunohistochemistry were performed on adult testis sections to illustrate the presence of DNA methylation marks in various spermatogenic cells. As purification of the different spermatogenic populations is required to characterize DNA methylation more precisely, we firstly developed a flow cytometry-based method (Hoechtst-FACS) for cell sorting from goat testis. Fraction enrichments were evaluated using stage-specific markers by real time qPCR analyses. In addition, de novo DNA methyltransferase expression was studied on the different fractions of purified spermatogenic cells, giving some clues on DNA methylation dynamics. In the future, spermatogenic cells will be purified from both caprine and bovine testes, and together with gene expression analyses (RNA-sequencing), DNA methylation will be determined for each cell types by Reduced-Representation Bisulfite Sequencing (RRBS)
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Submitted on : Friday, June 5, 2020 - 6:16:26 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 3:56:47 PM


2018-GERMIMALE-GRC repro-A.BON...
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  • HAL Id : hal-02790316, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 442690



Aurélie Allais-Bonnet, Sébastien Messiaen, Marjolaine André, Béatrice Mandon-Pepin, Gabriel Livera, et al.. DNA methylation dynamics during spermatogenesis in ruminants. Mammalian Reproductive Gordon Research, Jul 2018, Lucca, Italy. , 2018. ⟨hal-02790316⟩



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