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A process-based model to simulate nitrogen distribution in wheat (Triticum aestivum) during grain-filling

Abstract : Nitrogen (N) distribution among plant organs plays a major role in crop production and, in general, plant fitness to the environment. In the present study, a process-based model simulating N distribution within a wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) culm during grain filling was developed using a functional–structural approach. A model of turnover of the photosynthetic apparatus was used to describe the fluxes between a common pool of mobile N and each leaf lamina. Grain N accumulation within a time-step was modelled as the minimum between the quantity calculated by a potential function and the N available in the common pool. Nitrogen dynamics in the other organs (i.e. stem, chaff, root N uptake and remobilisation) were accounted for by forced variables. Using a unique set of six parameters, the model was able to simulate the observed N kinetics of each lamina and of the grains under a wide range of crop N supplies and for three cultivars. The time-course of the vertical gradient of lamina N during grain filling was realistically simulated as an emerging property of the local processes defined at the lamina scale. The model described in the present study offers new insight into the interactions between N metabolism, plant architecture and productivity.
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Jessica Bertheloot, Bruno Andrieu, Christian Fournier, Pierre Martre. A process-based model to simulate nitrogen distribution in wheat (Triticum aestivum) during grain-filling. 5. International Workshop on Functional-Structural Plant Models, Nov 2007, Napier, New Zealand. ⟨10.1071/FP08064⟩. ⟨hal-02824881⟩



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