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Nutritional regulation of glucose metabolism-related genes in the emerging teleost model Mexican tetra surface fish: a first exploration

Abstract : Astyanax mexicanus has gained importance as a laboratory model organism for evolutionary biology. However, little is known about its intermediary metabolism, and feeding regimes remain variable between laboratories holding this species. We thus aimed to evaluate the intermediary metabolism response to nutritional status and to low (NC) or high (HC) carbohydrate diets in various organs of the surface-dwelling form of the species. As expected, glycaemia increased after feeding. Fish fed the HC diet had higher glycaemia than fish fed the NC diet, but without displaying hyperglycaemia, suggesting that carbohydrates are efficiently used as an energy source. At molecular level, only fasn (Fatty Acid Synthase) transcripts increased in tissues after refeeding, suggesting an activation of lipogenesis. On the other hand, we monitored only moderate changes in glucose-related transcripts. Most changes observed were related to the nutritional status, but not to the NC versus HC diet. Such a metabolic pattern is suggestive of an omnivorous-related metabolism, and this species, at least at adult stage, may adapt to a fish meal-substituted diet with high carbohydrate content and low protein supply. Investigation to identify molecular actors explaining the efficient use of such a diet should be pursued to deepen our knowledge on this species
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02868504
Déposant : Pascale Avril <>
Soumis le : lundi 15 juin 2020 - 14:43:37
Dernière modification le : vendredi 18 septembre 2020 - 09:00:04

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Lucie Marandel, Elisabeth Plagnes-Juan, Michael Marchand, Thérèse Callet, Karine Dias, et al.. Nutritional regulation of glucose metabolism-related genes in the emerging teleost model Mexican tetra surface fish: a first exploration. Royal Society Open Science, The Royal Society, 2020, 7 (2), ⟨10.1098/rsos.191853⟩. ⟨hal-02868504⟩

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