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Preimplantation development in ungulates: a 'ménage à quatre' scenario

Abstract : In ungulates, early embryonic development differs dramatically from that of mice and humans and is characterized by an extended period of pre-and peri-implantation development in utero. After hatching from the zona pellucida, the ungulate blastocyst will stay free in the uterus for many days before implanting within the uterine wall. During this protracted peri-implantation period, an intimate dialog between the embryo and the uterus is established through a complex series of paracrine signals. The blastocyst elongates, leading to extreme growth of extra-embryonic tissues, and at the same time, the inner cell mass moves up into the trophoblast and evolves into the embryonic disc, which is directly exposed to molecules present in the uterine fluids. In the peri-implantation period, uterine glands secrete a wide range of molecules, including enzymes, growth factors, adhesion proteins, cytokines, hormones, and nutrients like amino and fatty acids, which are collectively referred to as histotroph. The identification, role, and effects of these secretions on the biology of the conceptus are still being described; however, the studies that have been conducted to date have demonstrated that histotroph is essential for embryonic development and serves a critical function during the pre-and peri implantation periods. Here, we present an overview of current knowledge on the molecular dialogue among embryonic, extraembryonic, and maternal tissues prior to implantation. Taken together, the body of work described here demonstrates the extent to which this dialog enables the coordination of the development of the conceptus with respect to the establishment of embryonic and extra-embryonic tissues as well as in preparation for implantation. Reproduction (2020) 159 R151-R172
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 10:06:15 AM
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Jérôme Artus, Isabelle Hue, Hervé Acloque. Preimplantation development in ungulates: a 'ménage à quatre' scenario. Reproduction, BioScientifica, 2020, ⟨10.1530/REP-19-0348⟩. ⟨hal-02912034⟩



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