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A Pediococcus strain to rescue honeybees by decreasing Nosema ceranae- and pesticide-induced adverse effects

Résumé : Honeybees ensure a key ecosystemic service by pollinating many agricultural crops and wild plants. However, since few decades, managed bee colonies have declined worldwide. This phenomenon is considered to be multifactorial, with a strong emphasis on both parasites and pesticides. Infection by the parasite Nosema ceranae and exposure to pesticides can contribute to adverse effects, resulting in a perturbation of the honeybee physiology. We thus hypothesized that probiotic treatment could be promising to treat or prevent these disturbances. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of probiotics on N. ceranae-infected and intoxicated honeybees (by the insecticide thiamethoxam and the fungicide boscalid). For this purpose, experiments were conducted with five probiotics. Among them, Pediococcus acidilactici (PA) showed the best protective effect against the parasite and pesticides. PA significantly improved the infected honeybee lifespan as prophylactic and curative treatments (respectively 2.3 fold and 1.7 fold). Furthermore, the exposure to pesticides induced an increase of honeybee mortality compared with the control group (p < .001) that was restored by the PA treatment. Despite its beneficial effect on honeybee lifespan, the PA administration did not induce changes in the gut bacterial communities (neither in abundance or diversity). N. ceranae and the pesticides were shown to deregulate genes involved in honeybee development (vitellogenin), immunity (serine protease 40, defensin) and detoxification system (glutathione peroxidase-like 2, catalase), and these effects were corrected by the PA treatment. This study highlights the promising use of PA to protect honeybees from both pathogens and pesticides.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 10, 2020 - 3:40:02 PM
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Elodie Peghaire, Anne Mone, Frédéric Delbac, Didier Debroas, Frédérique Chaucheyras-Durand, et al.. A Pediococcus strain to rescue honeybees by decreasing Nosema ceranae- and pesticide-induced adverse effects. Biology, MDPI 2020, 163, pp.138-146. ⟨10.1016/j.pestbp.2019.11.006⟩. ⟨hal-02935692⟩



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