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Journal Articles (Review Article) Biotechnology Advances Year : 2020

Evaluation of biological degradation of polyurethanes

Abstract

Polyurethanes (PU) are a family of versatile synthetic polymers intended for diverse applications. Biological degradation of PU is a blooming research domain as it contributes to the design of eco-friendly materials sensitive to biodegradation phenomena and the development of green recycling processes. In this field, an increasing number of studies deal with the discovery and characterization of enzymes and microorganisms able to degrade PU chains. The synthesis of short lifespan PU material sensitive to biological degradation is also of growing interest. Measurement of PU degradation can be performed by a wide range of analytical tools depending on the architecture of the materials and the biological entities. Recent developments of these analytical techniques allowed for a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in PU biodegradation. Here, we reviewed the evaluation of biological PU degradation, including the required analytics. Advantages, drawbacks, specific uses, and results of these analytics are largely discussed to provide a critical overview and support future studies.
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Dates and versions

hal-02948876 , version 1 (17-01-2024)

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Audrey Magnin, Eric Pollet, Vincent Phalip, Luc Avérous. Evaluation of biological degradation of polyurethanes. Biotechnology Advances, 2020, 39, pp.107457. ⟨10.1016/j.biotechadv.2019.107457⟩. ⟨hal-02948876⟩
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