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Prenatal cannabinoid exposure alters the ovarian reserve in adult offspring of rats

Abstract : In animals, research in the past two decades has demonstrated the strong involvement of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in numerous steps of the reproductive process, including ovarian physiology. Reproductive lifespan is closely related to the number of nongrowing ovarian follicles, called ovarian reserve (OR), which is definitively established during foetal life. Thus, OR damage may lead to poor reproductive outcomes and a shortened reproductive lifespan. We investigated whether prenatal ECS modulation had an effect on the OR at different ages in the rat offspring. Four groups of gestating female rats (F0) were exposed to the CB1-/CB2-receptor agonist WIN55212 (0.5 mg/kg), the CB1R inverse agonist SR141716 (3 mg/kg) or Δ9THC (5 mg/kg) and were compared to negative control groups. OR was histologically assessed at different postnatal timepoints (F1 individuals): postnatal day (PND) 6, PND40 and PND90. At PND6, prenatal exposure had no effect on OR. In the young adult group (PND90) exposed during gestation to WIN55212, we observed a CB1R-mediated delayed OR decrease, which was reversed by prenatal CB1R blockade by SR141716. Conversely, after prenatal SR141716 exposure, we observed higher OR counts at PND90. RT-PCR experiments also showed that prenatal ECS modulation perturbed the mRNA levels of ECS enzymes and OR regulation genes. Our findings support the role of the ECS in OR regulation during the foetal life of rats and highlight the need for further studies to elucidate its precise role in OR physiology.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02955179
Contributor : Béatrice Mandon-Pépin <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 19, 2021 - 10:53:32 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 27, 2021 - 3:18:04 PM

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Pierre Castel, Magalie Barbier, Elodie Poumerol, Béatrice Mandon-Pepin, Virginie Tassistro, et al.. Prenatal cannabinoid exposure alters the ovarian reserve in adult offspring of rats. Archives of Toxicology, Springer Verlag, 2020, 94 (12), pp.4131-4141. ⟨10.1007/s00204-020-02877-1⟩. ⟨hal-02955179⟩

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