Transient Changes of Metabolism at the Pronuclear Stage in Mice Influences Skeletal Muscle Phenotype in Adulthood - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2020

Transient Changes of Metabolism at the Pronuclear Stage in Mice Influences Skeletal Muscle Phenotype in Adulthood

Abstract

Skeletal muscle has a remarkable plasticity, and its phenotype is strongly influenced by hormones, transcription factors, and physical activity. However, whether skeletal phenotype can be oriented or not during early embryonic stages has never been investigated. Here, we report that pyruvate as the only source of carbohydrate in the culture medium of mouse one cell stage embryo influenced the establishment of the muscular phenotype in adulthood. We found that pyruvate alone induced changes in the contractile phenotype of the skeletal muscle in a sexually dependent manner. For male mice, a switch to a more glycolytic phenotype was recorded, whereas, in females, the pyruvate induced a switch to a more oxidative phenotype. In addition, the influence of pyruvate on the contractile phenotypes was confirmed in two mouse models of muscle hypertrophy: the well-known myostatin deficient mouse (Mstn−/−) and a mouse carrying a specific deletion of p43, a mitochondrial triiodothyronine receptor. Finally, to understand the link between these adult phenotypes and the early embryonic period, we assessed the levels of two histone H3 post-translational modifications in presence of pyruvate alone just after the wave of chromatin reprogramming specific of the first cell cycle. We showed that H3K4 acetylation level was decreased in Mstn−/− 2-cell embryos, whereas no difference was found for H3K27 trimethylation level, whatever the genotype. These findings demonstrate for the first time that changes in the access of energy substrate during the very first embryonic stage can induce a precocious orientation of skeletal muscle phenotype in adulthood.
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hal-02973322 , version 1 (21-10-2020)

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Christelle Bertrand-Gaday, Martine Letheule, Emilie Blanchet, Barbara Vernus, Laurence Pessemesse, et al.. Transient Changes of Metabolism at the Pronuclear Stage in Mice Influences Skeletal Muscle Phenotype in Adulthood. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, 21 (19), ⟨10.3390/ijms21197203⟩. ⟨hal-02973322⟩
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