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The commensal Escherichia coli CEC15 reinforces intestinal defences in gnotobiotic mice and is protective in a chronic colitis mouse model

Abstract : Escherichia coli is a regular inhabitant of the gut microbiota throughout life. However, its role in gut health is controversial. Here, we investigated the relationship between the commensal E. coli strain CEC15 (CEC), which we previously isolated, and the intestine in homeostatic and disease-prone settings. The impact of CEC was compared to that of the probiotic E. coli Nissle 1917 (Nissle) strain. The expression of ileal and colonic genes that play a key role in intestinal homeostasis was higher in CEC- and Nissle-mono-associated wild-type mice than in germfree mice. This included genes involved in the turnover of reactive oxygen species, antimicrobial peptide synthesis, and immune responses. The impact of CEC and Nissle on such gene expression was stronger in a disease-prone setting, i.e. in gnotobiotic IL10-deficient mice. In a chronic colitis model, CEC more strongly decreased signs of colitis severity (myeloperoxidase activity and CD3(+) immune-cell infiltration) than Nissle. Thus, our study shows that CEC and Nissle contribute to increased expression of genes involved in the maintenance of gut homeostasis in homeostatic and inflammatory settings. We show that these E. coli strains, in particular CEC, can have a beneficial effect in a chronic colitis mouse model.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03033617
Contributor : Sandrine Boguais <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 2:21:31 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:56:38 PM

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Unai Escribano-Vazquez, Sophie Verstraeten, Rebeca Martin, Florian Chain, Philippe Langella, et al.. The commensal Escherichia coli CEC15 reinforces intestinal defences in gnotobiotic mice and is protective in a chronic colitis mouse model. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-47611-9⟩. ⟨hal-03033617⟩

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