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Acibenzolar-S-methyl and resistance quantitative trait loci complement each other to control apple scab and fire blight

Abstract : Diversifying disease control methods is a key strategy to sustainably reduce pesticides. Plant genetic resistance has long been used to create resistant varieties. Plant resistance inducers (PRI) are also considered to promote crop health, but their effectiveness is partial and can vary according to the environment and the plant genotype. We investigated the putative interaction between intrinsic (genetic) and PRI-induced resistance in apple when affected by scab and fire blight diseases. A large F1 mapping population was challenged by each disease after a pre-treatment with acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM) and compared with the water control. Apple scab and fire blight resistance quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were detected in both conditions and compared. ASM exhibited a strong effectiveness in reducing both diseases. When combined, QTL-controlled and ASM-induced resistance acted complementarily to reduce the symptoms from 85% to 100% depending on the disease. In our conditions, resistance QTLs were only slightly or rarely affected by ASM treatment, despite their probable implication in various stages of the resistance build-up. Implications of these results are discussed considering already known results, the underlying mechanisms, cross-protection of both types of resistance against pathogen adaptation, and practical application in orchard conditions.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03034383
Contributor : Olivier Dupre Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 5:00:50 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 4:37:23 AM

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Juliette Bénéjam, Elisa Ravon, Matthieu Gaucher, Marie-Noëlle Brisset, Charles-Eric Durel, et al.. Acibenzolar-S-methyl and resistance quantitative trait loci complement each other to control apple scab and fire blight. Plant Disease, American Phytopathological Society, 2020, pp.1-9. ⟨10.1094/pdis-07-20-1439-re⟩. ⟨hal-03034383⟩

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