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Effect of the plant sink/source balance on the metabolic content of the Vitis vinifera L. red grape

Abstract : Despite their low concentrations, secondary metabolites are essential to the organoleptic quality of grapevine fruit. Anthocyanins of the fruit skin cells are the principal components of the pigmentation of the red grape. Glycosylated aroma precursors (GAPs), i.e. alcohols, C-13-norisoprenoids, phenols and terpenes determine the aroma potential of the juice and the resulting wine. The regulation of the sink/source (S/S) balance is considered as a one of the more powerful tools to adapt grape composition to technological objectives. In this study, we have manipulated the S/S of Vitis vinifera varieties and quantified the changes on the accumulation of secondary metabolites at the arrest of phloem unloading in the grape. The results demonstrated that the manipulation of the S/S doesn't de-correlate the accumulation of secondary versus primary metabolites. Decreasing S/S drastically limited the accumulation of either primary metabolites (till -70 %), anthocyanins (till -70 %) and GAPs (till -81 %) per plant, with a huge production shortfall of molecules of interest per cultivated area unit.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03117229
Contributor : Suzette Astruc <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 21, 2021 - 8:28:01 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 4, 2021 - 3:26:27 PM

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Hubert Alem, Laurent Torregrosa, Peggy Rigou, Rémi Schneider, Hernán Ojeda. Effect of the plant sink/source balance on the metabolic content of the Vitis vinifera L. red grape. European Journal of Agronomy, 2021, 122, ⟨10.1016/j.eja.2020.126168⟩. ⟨hal-03117229⟩

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