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Esmraldi: efficient methods for the fusion of mass spectrometry and magnetic resonance images

Abstract : Background : Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a family of acquisition techniques producing images of the distribution of molecules in a sample, without any prior tagging of the molecules. This makes it a very interesting technique for exploratory research. However, the images are difficult to analyze because the enclosed data has high dimensionality, and their content does not necessarily reflect the shape of the object of interest. Conversely, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans reflect the anatomy of the tissue. MRI also provides complementary information to MSI, such as the content and distribution of water. Results : We propose a new workflow to merge the information from 2D MALDI–MSI and MRI images. Our workflow can be applied to large MSI datasets in a limited amount of time. Moreover, the workflow is fully automated and based on deterministic methods which ensures the reproducibility of the results. Our methods were evaluated and compared with state-of-the-art methods. Results show that the images are combined precisely and in a time-efficient manner. Conclusion : Our workflow reveals molecules which co-localize with water in biological images. It can be applied on any MSI and MRI datasets which satisfy a few conditions: same regions of the shape enclosed in the images and similar intensity distributions.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03150157
Contributor : Olivier Dupre <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 3:32:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 3:31:11 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Florent Grélard, David Legland, Mathieu Fanuel, Bastien Arnaud, Loïc Foucat, et al.. Esmraldi: efficient methods for the fusion of mass spectrometry and magnetic resonance images. BMC Bioinformatics, BioMed Central, 2021, 22 (1), pp.1-17. ⟨10.1186/s12859-020-03954-z⟩. ⟨hal-03150157⟩

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