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One Health concepts and challenges for surveillance, forecasting and mitigation of plant disease beyond the traditional scope of crop production

Abstract : The One Health approach to understanding disease epidemiology and achieving surveillance and prevention is holistic all while focusing on zoonotic diseases. Many of its principles are similar to those espoused in Agroecology, begetting the question of what One Health can contribute - in practice - to preventing plant disease. Here we describe four knowledge challenges for plant health management that have arisen from the One Health experience for zoonotic diseases that could boost prospects for novel approaches to plant disease surveillance, prediction and prevention. The challenges are to i) uncover reservoirs and revise pathogen life histories, ii) elucidate drivers of virulence beyond the context of direct host-pathogen interactions, iii) account for the natural highways of long distance dissemination (i.e., surface water and air mass movement), and iv) update disease forecasts in the face of changing land use, cultivation practices and climate. Furthermore, we note that implementation of a One Health approach to disease surveillance and prevention will require mobilization of tools to deal with the representation and accessibility of massive and heterogeneous data and knowledge; with knowledge inference, data science, modelling, and pattern recognition; and multi-actor approaches that unite different sectors of society as well as different scientific disciplines. The infrastructure to build and the obstacles to overcome for a bona fide One Health approach to disease surveillance and prevention are the key commonalities where actors in the efforts to prevent zoonotic diseases and plant disease can work together for human, animal and plant health and sustainable management of biodiversity.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03154445
Contributor : Cindy E. Morris <>
Submitted on : Sunday, February 28, 2021 - 11:29:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 3:28:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, May 29, 2021 - 6:22:23 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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  • HAL Id : hal-03154445, version 1

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Cindy E. Morris, Ghislain Geniaux, Claire Nédellec, Nicolas Sauvion, Samuel Soubeyrand. One Health concepts and challenges for surveillance, forecasting and mitigation of plant disease beyond the traditional scope of crop production. 2021. ⟨hal-03154445⟩

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