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Water Vapor Sorption and Diffusivity in Bio-Based Poly(ethylene vanillate)—PEV

Abstract : The dynamic and equilibrium water vapor sorption properties of amorphous and highly crystalline poly(ethylene vanillate) (PEV) films were determined via gravimetric analysis, at 20 °C, over a wide range of relative humidity (0–95% RH). At low RH%, the dynamic of the sorption process obeys Fick’s law while at higher relative humidity it is characterized by a drift ascribable to non-Fickian relaxations. The non-Fickian relaxations, which are responsible for the incorporation of additional water, are correlated with the upturn of the sorption isotherms and simultaneously the hysteresis recorded between sorption and desorption cycles. The sorption isotherms of amorphous and highly crystalline PEV are arranged in the same concentration range of that of PET proving the similarity of the two polyesters. Water diffusion coefficients, whose determination from individual kinetic sorption/desorption curves required treatment with the Barens–Hopfenberg model, were demonstrated to be ≈10× higher for amorphous PEV compared to amorphous PET. Such a difference originates from the enhanced segmental flexibility of PEV chains.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 1, 2021 - 12:19:58 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 29, 2021 - 7:17:01 PM

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Greta Giacobazzi, Claudio Gioia, Micaela Vannini, Paola Marchese, Valérie Guillard, et al.. Water Vapor Sorption and Diffusivity in Bio-Based Poly(ethylene vanillate)—PEV. Polymers, MDPI, 2021, 13 (4), pp.524. ⟨10.3390/polym13040524⟩. ⟨hal-03187737⟩

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