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The 40-year mystery of insect odorant-binding proteins

Abstract : The survival of insects depends on their ability to detect molecules present in their environment. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) form a family of proteins involved in chemoreception. While OBPs were initially found in olfactory appendages, recently these proteins were discovered in other chemosensory and non-chemosensory organs. OBPs can bind, solubilize and transport hydrophobic stimuli to chemoreceptors across the aqueous sensilla lymph. In addition to this broadly accepted “transporter role”, OBPs can also buffer sudden changes in odorant levels and are involved in hygro-reception. The physiological roles of OBPs expressed in other body tissues, such as mouthparts, pheromone glands, reproductive organs, digestive tract and venom glands, remain to be investigated. This review provides an updated panorama on the varied structural aspects, binding properties, tissue expression and functional roles of insect OBPs.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03197668
Contributor : Sabine Julien <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 14, 2021 - 9:32:50 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 21, 2021 - 8:49:06 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Karen Rihani, Jean-François Ferveur, Loïc Briand. The 40-year mystery of insect odorant-binding proteins. Biomolecules, MDPI, 2021, 11 (4), pp.509. ⟨10.3390/biom11040509⟩. ⟨hal-03197668⟩

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