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The pig as a medical model for acquired respiratory diseases and dysfunctions: An immunological perspective

Abstract : By definition no model is perfect, and this also holds for biology and health sciences. In medicine, murine models are, and will be indispensable for long, thanks to their reasonable cost and huge choice of transgenic strains and molecular tools. On the other side, non-human primates remain the best animal models although their use is limited because of financial and obvious ethical reasons. In the field of respiratory diseases, specific clinical models such as sheep and cotton rat for bronchiolitis, or ferret and Syrian hamster for influenza and Covid-19, have been successfully developed, however, in these species, the toolbox for biological analysis remains scarce. In this view the porcine medical model is appearing as the third, intermediate, choice, between murine and primate. Herein we would like to present the pros and cons of pig as a model for acquired respiratory conditions, through an immunological point of view. Indeed, important progresses have been made in pig immunology during the last decade that allowed the precise description of immune molecules and cell phenotypes and functions. These progresses might allow the use of pig as clinical model of human respiratory diseases but also as a species of interest to perform basic research explorations.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03229038
Contributor : Michel Leroux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 18, 2021 - 3:55:08 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 18, 2021 - 4:23:55 PM

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Nicolas Bertho, François Meurens. The pig as a medical model for acquired respiratory diseases and dysfunctions: An immunological perspective. Molecular Immunology, Elsevier, 2021, 135, pp.254-267. ⟨10.1016/j.molimm.2021.03.014⟩. ⟨hal-03229038⟩

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