Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Maternal Obesity Influences Placental Nutrient Transport, Inflammatory Status, and Morphology in Human Term Placenta

Abstract : Abstract Context Maternal obesity has a significant impact on placental development. However, this impact on the placenta’s structure and function (ie, nutrient transport and hormone and cytokine production) is a controversial subject. Objective We hypothesized that maternal obesity is associated with morphologic, secretory, and nutrient-related changes and elevated levels of inflammation in the placenta. Design We collected samples of placental tissue from 2 well-defined groups of pregnant women from 2017 to 2019. We compared the 2 groups regarding placental cytokine and hormone secretion, immune cell content, morphology, and placental nutrient transporter expressions. Setting Placenta were collected after caesarean section performed by experienced clinicians at Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal (CHI) of Poissy-Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Patients The main inclusion criteria were an age between 27 and 37 years old, no complications of pregnancy, and a first-trimester body mass index of 18–25 kg/m2 for the nonobese (control) group and 30–40 kg/m2 for the obese group. Results In contrast to our starting hypothesis, we observed that maternal obesity was associated with (1) lower placental IL-6 expression and macrophage/leukocyte infiltration, (2) lower placental expression of GLUT1 and SNAT1-2, (3) a lower placental vessel density, and (4) lower levels of placental leptin and human chorionic gonadotropin production. Conclusion These results suggest that the placenta is a plastic organ and could optimize fetal growth. A better understanding of placental adaptation is required because these changes may partly determine the fetal outcome in cases of maternal obesity.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03248065
Contributor : Inrae Breed <>
Submitted on : Thursday, June 3, 2021 - 12:54:45 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 3, 2021 - 10:10:01 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Perrine Nogues, Esther dos Santos, Anne Couturier-Tarrade, Paul Berveiller, Lucie Arnould, et al.. Maternal Obesity Influences Placental Nutrient Transport, Inflammatory Status, and Morphology in Human Term Placenta. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Endocrine Society, 2021, 106 (4), pp.e1880-e1896. ⟨10.1210/clinem/dgaa660⟩. ⟨hal-03248065⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

46