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Diversity and selection of the continuous-flowering gene, RoKSN, in rose

Abstract : Abstract Blooming seasonality is an important trait in ornamental plants and was selected by humans. Wild roses flower only in spring whereas most cultivated modern roses can flower continuously. This trait is explained by a mutation of a floral repressor gene, RoKSN , a TFL1 homologue. In this work, we studied the origin, the diversity and the selection of the RoKSN gene. We analyzed 270 accessions, including wild and old cultivated Asian and European roses as well as modern roses. By sequencing the RoKSN gene, we proposed that the allele responsible for continuous-flowering, RoKSN copia , originated from Chinese wild roses ( Indicae section), with a recent insertion of the copia element. Old cultivated Asian roses with the RoKSN copia allele were introduced in Europe, and the RoKSN copia allele was progressively selected during the 19th and 20th centuries, leading to continuous-flowering modern roses. Furthermore, we detected a new allele, RoKSN A181 , leading to a weak reblooming. This allele encodes a functional floral repressor and is responsible for a moderate accumulation of RoKSN transcripts. A transient selection of this RoKSN A181 allele was observed during the 19th century. Our work highlights the selection of different alleles at the RoKSN locus for recurrent blooming in rose.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03248916
Contributor : Olivier Dupre <>
Submitted on : Thursday, June 3, 2021 - 6:12:19 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 5, 2021 - 3:37:51 AM

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Vanessa Soufflet-Freslon, Emilie Araou, Julien Jeauffre, Tatiana Thouroude, Annie Chastellier, et al.. Diversity and selection of the continuous-flowering gene, RoKSN, in rose. Horticulture research, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 8 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41438-021-00512-3⟩. ⟨hal-03248916⟩

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