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Dopaminergic and serotonergic changes in rabbit fetal brain upon repeated gestational exposure to diesel engine exhaust

Abstract : Limited studies in humans and in animal models have investigated the neurotoxic risks related to a gestational exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEP) on the embryonic brain, especially those regarding monoaminergic systems linked to neurocognitive disorders. We previously showed that exposure to DEP alters monoaminergic neurotransmission in fetal olfactory bulbs and modifies tissue morphology along with behavioral consequences at birth in a rabbit model. Given the anatomical and functional connections between olfactory and central brain structures, we further characterized their impacts in brain regions associated with monoaminergic neurotransmission. At gestational day 28 (GD28), fetal rabbit brains were collected from dams exposed by nose-only to either a clean air or filtered DEP for 2 h/day, 5 days/week, from GD3 to GD27. HPLC dosage and histochemical analyses of the main monoaminergic systems, i.e., dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA), and serotonin (5-HT) and their metabolites were conducted in microdissected fetal brain regions. DEP exposure increased the level of DA and decreased the dopaminergic metabolites ratios in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), together with sex-specific alterations in the hippocampus (Hp). In addition, HVA level was increased in the temporal cortex (TCx). Serotonin and 5-HIAA levels were decreased in the fetal Hp. However, DEP exposure did not significantly modify NA levels, tyrosine hydroxylase, tryptophan hydroxylase or AChE enzymatic activity in fetal brain. Exposure to DEP during fetal life results in dopaminergic and serotonergic changes in critical brain regions that might lead to detrimental potential short-term neural disturbances as precursors of long-term neurocognitive consequences.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03275790
Contributor : Christine Baly <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 1, 2021 - 2:02:48 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 5:14:17 PM

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Estefania Bernal-Meléndez, Jacques Callebert, Pascaline Bouillaud, Marie-Annick Persuy, Benoit Olivier, et al.. Dopaminergic and serotonergic changes in rabbit fetal brain upon repeated gestational exposure to diesel engine exhaust. Archives of Toxicology, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s00204-021-03110-3⟩. ⟨hal-03275790⟩

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