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Detection of selection signatures in Limousin cattle using whole‐genome resequencing

Abstract : Limousin, a renowned beef breed originating from central France, has been selectively bred over the last 100 years to improve economically important traits. We used whole-genome sequencing data from 10 unrelated Limousin bull calves to detect polymorphisms and identify regions under selection. A total of 13 943 766 variants were identified. Moreover, 311 852 bi-allelic SNPs and 92 229 indels located on autosomes were fixed for the alternative allele in all sequenced animals, including the previously reported missense deleterious F94L mutation inMSTN. We performed a whole-genome screen to discover genomic regions with excess homozygosity, using the pooled heterozygosity score and identified 171 different candidate selective sweeps. In total, 68 candidate genes were found in only 57 of these regions, indicating that a large fraction of the genome under selection might lie in non-coding regions and suggesting that a majority of adaptive mutations might be regulatory in nature. Many QTL were found within candidate selective sweep regions, including QTL associated with shear force or carcass weight. Among the putative selective sweeps, we located genes (MSTN,NCKAP5,RUNX2) that potentially contribute to important phenotypes in Limousin. Several candidate regions and genes under selection were also found in previous genome-wide selection scans performed in Limousin. In addition, we were able to pinpoint candidate causative regulatory polymorphisms inGRIK3andRUNX2that might have been under selection. Our results will contribute to improved understanding of the mechanisms and targets of artificial selection and will facilitate the interpretation of GWASs performed in Limousin.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 4:35:06 PM
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Detection of selection signatu...
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M. Mariadassou, Y. Ramayo‐caldas, M. Charles, M. Féménia, G. Renand, et al.. Detection of selection signatures in Limousin cattle using whole‐genome resequencing. Animal Genetics, Wiley-Blackwell, 2020, 51 (5), pp.815-819. ⟨10.1111/age.12982⟩. ⟨hal-03285327⟩



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