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Effects of dietary arginine supplementation in pregnant mares on maternal metabolism and foal birthweight

Abstract : Foals born to primiparous mares are lighter and less mature than those born to multiparous dams. Factors driving this difference are not totally understood. Using 7 multiparous and 6 primiparous standardbred mares, we demonstrated that, in late gestation, primiparous mares were less insulin resistant compared to multiparous mares, and that their foals had reduced plasma amino-acid concentrations at birth compared to foals born to multiparous mares. Vascular development, as observed through structure and gene expression, and global DNA methylation were also reduced in primiparous placentas. Another group of 8 primiparous mares was orally supplemented with L-arginine (100 g/day, 210d to term). L-arginine improved pregnancy-induced insulin resistance and increased maternal L-arginine and L-ornithine plasma concentrations but foal plasma amino acid concentrations were not affected at birth. At birth, foal weight and placental biometry, structure, ultra-structure and DNA methylation were not modified. Placental expression of genes involved in glucose and fatty acid transfers was increased. In conclusion, maternal insulin resistance in response to pregnancy and placental function are reduced in primiparous pregnancies. Late-gestation L-arginine supplementation may help primiparous mares to metabolically adapt to pregnancy and improve placental function. More work is needed to confirm these effects and as certain optimal treatment conditions.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 19, 2021 - 3:58:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 21, 2021 - 4:26:38 PM

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Pascale Chavatte-Palmer, Emilie Derisoud, Morgane Robles, Cédric Dubois, Christophe Richard, et al.. Effects of dietary arginine supplementation in pregnant mares on maternal metabolism and foal birthweight. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, WB Saunders, 2018, 23 (9), pp.6461. ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-42941-0⟩. ⟨hal-03291006⟩

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