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Conference papers

The Effects of Age and Adiposity on Casein Digestibility and Tissue Protein Synthesis in Rats

Abstract : Objectives Age and adiposity can impact the digestibility of dietary proteins and the metabolic response to their ingestion. The objective was to evaluate the effects of age and adiposity on casein digestibility and protein synthesis in tissues and organs. Methods Wistar rats of 1 month (n = 15) and 10 months (n = 15) at their arrival were fed ad libitum with a standard diet or High Fat diet to obtain rats of normal and high adiposity levels. Four groups were constituted (n = 7/8): 2 months/normal adiposity, 2 months/high adiposity, 11 months/normal adiposity and 11 months/high adiposity. At the end of the dietary intervention, they were fed the standard diet for 1 week before the test meal. The rats consumed a 4g meal containing 15N-labeled casein (Prodiet® 85B). Six hours after meal ingestion, the rats were euthanized. Intravenous injection of a massive dose of 13C-valine prior to euthanasia was used to determine protein synthesis rate in liver, kidneys, skin and muscle. Body composition was evaluated and digestive contents were collected to measure casein digestibility. Results No weight difference between rats of the same age was observed. However, a significant difference in adiposity was noted, with a surge in body fat of 3% in young rats and 7% in older rats. Digestibility increased with a higher adiposity level (P = 0.04). In young rats, it was 94.1 ± 1.1% in lean rats and 95.2 ± 1.7% in fat rats. In older rats, it was 94.5 ± 2.2% and 95.8 ± 0.7%, in lean and fat rats respectively. Significant effects of age (P < 0.01) and adiposity (P < 0.01) were observed in the muscle fractional synthesis rate (FSR), with age decreasing it and adiposity increasing it. In young rats, FSR was 10.1 ± 2.1%/day and 12.0 ± 3.0%/day in lean and fat rats, respectively, these values being 6.2 ± 1.5%/day and 10.6 ± 2.0%/day in older rats. In the skin, younger rats exhibited a higher FSR (P < 0.01) as it was 11.1 ± 2.6%/day and 12.6 ± 3.7%/day in lean and fat rats respectively, and 8.3 ± 2.3%/day and 8.2 ± 2.7%/day in older rats. No differences were found for the liver and kidneys. Conclusions Protein synthesis in muscle decreased with age while adiposity increased it. This is consistent with an improvement in ribosomal activity at an intermediate state of obesity. The surge in casein digestibility with higher adiposity, although moderate, could have contributed to the improvement in muscle anabolism response. Funding Sources Ingredia.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03296237
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 29, 2021 - 3:48:56 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 23, 2022 - 3:58:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, October 30, 2021 - 6:30:26 PM

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Nathalie Atallah, Claire Gaudichon, Audrey Boulier, Alain Baniel, Dalila Azzout-Marniche, et al.. The Effects of Age and Adiposity on Casein Digestibility and Tissue Protein Synthesis in Rats. Nutrition 2021, Jun 2021, online, United States. ⟨10.1093/cdn/nzab055_006⟩. ⟨hal-03296237⟩

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