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Cellular Fourier analysis for geometrically disordered materials

Abstract : Many media are divided into elementary units with irregular shape and size, as exemplified by domains in magnetic materials, bubbles in foams, or cells in biological tissues. Such media are essentially characterized by geometrical disorder of their elementary units, which we term cells. Cells set a reference scale at which are often assessed parameters and fields reflecting material properties and state. Here, we consider the spectral analysis of spatially varying fields. Such analysis is difficult in geometrically disordered media, because space discretization based on standard coordinate systems is not commensurate with the natural discretization into geometrically disordered cells. Indeed, we found that two classical spectral methods, the fast Fourier transform and the graph Fourier transform, fail to reproduce all expected properties of spectra of plane waves and of white noise. We therefore built a method, which we call cellular Fourier transform (CFT), to analyze cell-scale fields, which comprise both discrete fields defined only at cell level and continuous fields smoothed out from their subcell variations. Our approach is based on the construction of a discrete operator suited to the disordered geometry and on the computation of its eigenvectors, which, respectively, play the same role as the Laplace operator and sine waves in Euclidean coordinate systems. We show that CFT has the expected behavior for sinusoidal fields and for random fields with long-range correlations. Our approach for spectral analysis is suited to any geometrically disordered material, such as a biological tissue with complex geometry, opening the path to systematic multiscale analyses of material behavior.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 4:34:35 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 24, 2021 - 3:47:13 AM

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Antoine Fruleux, Arezki Boudaoud. Cellular Fourier analysis for geometrically disordered materials. Physical Review Research, American Physical Society, 2021, 3 (2), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.023036⟩. ⟨hal-03298520⟩

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