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Harnessing multivariate, penalized regression methods for genomic prediction and QTL detection of drought-related traits in grapevine

Abstract : Viticulture has to cope with climate change and to decrease pesticide inputs, while maintaining yield and wine quality. Breeding is a key lever to meet this challenge, and genomic prediction a promising tool to accelerate breeding programs. Multivariate methods are potentially more accurate than univariate ones. Moreover, some prediction methods also provide marker selection, thus allowing quantitative trait loci (QTLs) detection and the identification of positional candidate genes. To study both genomic prediction and QTL detection for droughtrelated traits in grapevine, we applied several methods, interval mapping (IM) as well as univariate and multivariate penalized regression, in a bi-parental progeny. With a dense genetic map, we simulated two traits under four QTL configurations. The penalized regression method Elastic Net (EN) for genomic prediction, and controlling the marginal False Discovery Rate on EN selected markers to prioritize the QTLs. Indeed, penalized methods were more powerful than IM for QTL detection across various genetic architectures. Multivariate prediction did not perform better than its univariate counterpart, despite strong genetic correlation between traits. Using 14 traits measured in semicontrolled conditions under different watering conditions, penalized regression methods proved very efficient for intra-population prediction whatever the genetic architecture of the trait, with predictive abilities reaching 0.68. Compared to a previous study on the same traits, these methods applied on a denser map found new QTLs controlling traits linked to drought tolerance and provided relevant candidate genes. Overall, these findings provide a strong evidence base for implementing genomic prediction in grapevine breeding.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03342409
Contributor : Dominique Fournier <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 13, 2021 - 12:29:00 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 3:30:10 AM

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Charlotte Brault, Agnes Doligez, Loïc Le Cunff, Aude Coupel-Ledru, Thierry Simonneau, et al.. Harnessing multivariate, penalized regression methods for genomic prediction and QTL detection of drought-related traits in grapevine. G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, 2021, 11 (9), pp.jkab248. ⟨10.1093/g3journal/jkab248⟩. ⟨hal-03342409⟩

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