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Mechanisms underlying Clostridium pasteurianum’s metabolic shift when grown with Geobacter sulfurreducens

Abstract : Recently, a study showed that glycerol fermentation by Clostridium pasteurianum could be metabolically redirected when the electroactive bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens was added in the culture. It was assumed that this metabolic shift of the fermentative species resulted from an interspecies electron transfer. The aim of this study was to find out the mechanisms used for this interaction and how they affect the metabolism of C. pasteurianum. To get insights into the mechanisms involved, several coculture setups and RNA sequencing with differential expression analysis were performed. As a result, a putative interaction model was proposed: G. sulfurreducens produces cobamide molecules that possibly modify C. pasteurianum metabolic pathway at the key enzyme glycerol dehydratase, and affect its vanadium nitrogenase expression. In addition, the results suggested that G. sulfurreducens’ electrons could enter C. pasteurianum through its transmembrane flavin-bound polyferredoxin and cellular cytochrome b5–rubredoxin interplay, putatively reinforcing the metabolic shift. Unravelling the mechanisms behind the interaction between fermentative and electroactive bacteria helps to better understand the role of bacterial interactions in fermentation setups.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 23, 2022 - 3:22:34 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 9, 2022 - 11:41:36 AM

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Roland Berthomieu, María Fernanda Pérez-Bernal, Gaëlle Santa-Catalina, Elie Desmond-Le Quéméner, Nicolas Bernet, et al.. Mechanisms underlying Clostridium pasteurianum’s metabolic shift when grown with Geobacter sulfurreducens. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Springer Verlag, 2022, 106 (2), pp.865-876. ⟨10.1007/s00253-021-11736-7⟩. ⟨hal-03516733⟩

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