A survey of substrate specificity among Auxiliary Activity Family 5 copper radical oxidases  - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences Year : 2021

A survey of substrate specificity among Auxiliary Activity Family 5 copper radical oxidases 

Maria Cleveland
Yann Mathieu
Jason Hein
Mickael Lafond
Jean-Guy Berrin
Harry Brumer

Abstract

There is significant contemporary interest in the application of enzymes to replace or augment chemical reagents toward the development of more environmentally sound and sustainable processes. In particular, copper radical oxidases (CRO) from Auxiliary Activity Family 5 Subfamily 2 (AA5_2) are attractive, organic cofactor-free catalysts for the chemoselective oxidation of alcohols to the corresponding aldehydes. These enzymes were first defined by the archetypal galactose-6-oxidase (GalOx, EC 1.1.3.13) from the fungus Fusarium graminearum. The recent discovery of specific alcohol oxidases (EC 1.1.3.7) and aryl alcohol oxidases (EC 1.1.3.47) within AA5_2 has indicated a potentially broad substrate scope among fungal CROs. However, only relatively few AA5_2 members have been characterized to date. Guided by sequence similarity network and phylogenetic analysis, twelve AA5_2 homologs have been recombinantly produced and biochemically characterized in the present study. As defined by their predominant activities, these comprise four galactose 6-oxidases, two raffinose oxidases, four broad-specificity primary alcohol oxidases, and two non-carbohydrate alcohol oxidases. Of particular relevance to applications in biomass valorization, detailed product analysis revealed that two CROs produce the bioplastics monomer furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (FDCA) directly from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). Furthermore, several CROs could desymmetrize glycerol (a by-product of the biodiesel industry) to d- or l-glyceraldehyde. This study furthers our understanding of CROs by doubling the number of characterized AA5_2 members, which may find future applications as biocatalysts in diverse processes.
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hal-03583007 , version 1 (21-02-2022)

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Maria Cleveland, Yann Mathieu, David Ribeaucourt, Mireille Haon, Paul Mulyk, et al.. A survey of substrate specificity among Auxiliary Activity Family 5 copper radical oxidases . Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 2021, 78 (24), pp.8187-8208. ⟨10.1007/s00018-021-03981-w⟩. ⟨hal-03583007⟩
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