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Journal Articles AMB Express Year : 2021

Investigation of the robustness of Cupriavidus necator engineered strains during fed-batch cultures

Catherine Boy
Sandrine Alfenore
Stéphane Guillouet
Nathalie Gorret

Abstract

It is of major interest to ensure stable and performant microbial bioprocesses, therefore maintaining high strain robustness is one of the major future challenges in industrial microbiology. Strain robustness can be defined as the persistence of genotypic and/or phenotypic traits in a system. In this work, robustness of an engineered strain is defined as plasmid expression stability, cultivability, membrane integrity and macroscopic cell behavior and was assessed in response to implementations of sugar feeding strategies (pulses and continuous) and two plasmid stabilization systems (kanamycin resistance and Post-Segregational Killing hok/sok ). Fed-batch bioreactor cultures, relevant mode to reach high cell densities and higher cell generation number, were implemented to investigate the robustness of C. necator engineered strains. Host cells bore a recombinant plasmid encoding for a plasmid expression level monitoring system, based on eGFP fluorescence quantified by flow cytometry. We first showed that well-controlled continuous feeding in comparison to a pulse-based feeding allowed a better carbon use for protein synthesis (avoiding organic acid excretion), a lower heterogeneity of the plasmid expression and a lower cell permeabilization. Moreover, the plasmid stabilization system Post-Segregational Killing hok/sok , an autonomous system independent on external addition of compounds, showed the best ability to maintain plasmid expression level stability insuring a greater population homogeneity in the culture. Therefore, in the case of engineered C. necator , the PSK system hok/sok appears to be a relevant and an efficient alternative to antibiotic resistance system for selection pressure, especially, in the case of bioprocess development for economic and environmental reasons.
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hal-03597169 , version 1 (04-03-2022)

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Catherine Boy, Julie Lesage, Sandrine Alfenore, Stéphane Guillouet, Nathalie Gorret. Investigation of the robustness of Cupriavidus necator engineered strains during fed-batch cultures. AMB Express, 2021, 11 (1), ⟨10.1186/s13568-021-01307-4⟩. ⟨hal-03597169⟩
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