Exploration of the consequences of a high carbohydrate and low protein diet in broodstock trout - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Poster Year : 2022

Exploration of the consequences of a high carbohydrate and low protein diet in broodstock trout

Abstract

Adequate parental nutrition is essential to maintain high reproductive performances and to produce high quality gametes. Concerning teleost fish belonging to higher trophic level, broodstock have a high protein requirement but no specific requirement for dietary carbohydrates. Nevertheless, in farming practice, the protein-rich fishmeal traditionally used in aquafeed formulation needs to be replaced, and plant-derived carbohydrates appear as a possible substitute. In trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), while a first study had demonstrated that the lowering of the protein-to-carbohydrate ratio in female broodstock ratio had surprisingly improved relative fecundity, hatchability and survival of their progeny at the eye-up stage [1], a more recent study calls into question part of these results has not confirmed such results [2]. Before increasing the fishmeal replacement by plant-derived carbohydrates, it is essential to deepen the exploration of the consequences of a high carbohydrate and low protein parental nutrition. To do so, two-year old female trout were fed either a control diet formulated with no carbohydrate and a high protein content (65.7 %) or a diet containing 32.5 % carbohydrate but with a lower protein content (42.9 %) for an entire reproductive cycle. The reproductive performances, the quality of the eggs and the development of the progeny (at the embryo and yolk-sac fry stage) were carefully monitored. On the one hand, the spawn were of high quality (i.e. more than 90% of viable eggs) and, in average, the egg proximate composition was not affected. The fecundity was also increased by the high carbohydrate – low protein nutrition, confirming the first results obtained in trout. On the other hand, the egg fatty acid profile were was altered, and in particular, a decrease in EPA (20:5 n-3) content was triggered by the parental high carbohydrate/low protein nutrition in trout. Because this particular fatty acid is known to play an essential role during fish development, its diminution could be a cause for the lower survival observed at eyed stage. Moreover, females fed the high carbohydrate/low protein nutrition produced spawns whose egg size was more variable. Altogether, even though the fecundity was significantly increased, the high carbohydrate and low protein nutrition in female broodstock could have deleterious consequences on their progeny development. The optimization of fishmeal replacement by plant-derived carbohydrates in farming practice requires further research.
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Dates and versions

hal-03601943 , version 1 (08-03-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03601943 , version 1

Cite

Therese Callet, Nicolas Turonnet, Patrick Maunas, Laurence Larroquet, Anne Surget, et al.. Exploration of the consequences of a high carbohydrate and low protein diet in broodstock trout. Experimental Biology 2022, Apr 2022, Philadelphia, United States. ⟨hal-03601943⟩
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